171 about as practical as the suggestion that unemployment would disappear in the U.S. if only the American housewife knitted her husband's socks. Charkha has, of course, a minor value, in that it is a blow aimed at the Lancashire cotton industry, but that it is in no way a serious menace to big business is proved by the fact that Gandhi's most ardent supporters are the Hindu miltowners and the millionaires of the steel combines, whose profits are largely* dependent on sweated labour. Naturally, they are delighted by Gandhi's propaganda, which aims at convincing the peasant that —apart from the hated British raj—he is best as he is, that there is no need for him to strike for better pay, nor acquaint himself with the true facts of his exploitation. The crude and blatant exponents of Hindu capitalism could wish for nothing better than this vast pool of serf*, sunk in ignorance and superstitition, sworn to non- violence, with all their grievances conveniently concentrated on the British bogy. For the Fascist boss, such a state of affairs is as near to Paradise as he is ever likely to attain. But for the Indian people, Gandhism is mass suicide. In the words of Roy : * Gandhism was created by the ignorance, the blind faith, and hero-worship of the backward Indian masses. Gandhism is the expression of the worst in our people, of its ignorance* its cowardice, its defeatism, its backwardness/1 It is the same with the other great plank in Gandhi's pro- gramme, his so-called 'non-violence*.. .a doctrine which, in practice, has invariably and inevitably led to violence on a quite unprecedented scale. People talk as though Gandhi had invented this menace to world peace; we can acquit him of this charge. Non-violence is as old as the Hindu hills: it is part and parcel of the fatalism, the pessimism, the negativism in which the whole Hindu faith is shrouded. The purest example of it in modern India may be seen in the spectacle of the Hindu moneylenders* method of extracting payment for a bad debt. Instead of going to law, or facing up to the debtor and giving him a soek on the nose, he sits on his doorstep and weeps in the hope that his client may thereby be shamed into a settlement. — Perhaps Gandhi is sincere in, his devotion to non-violence; perhaps he is not; it does not much matter, either way. In a man 1 Gandhism, Nationalism, Socialism, by 1L N. Boy (Bengal Radical Club}.